Amortization


Amortization
1. The paying off of debt in regular installments over a period of time.

2. The deduction of capital expenses over a specific period of time (usually over the asset's life). More specifically, this method measures the consumption of the value of intangible assets, such as a patent or a copyright.

Suppose XYZ Biotech spent $30 million dollars on a piece of medical equipment and that the patent on the equipment lasts 15 years, this would mean that $2 million would be recorded each year as an amortization expense.

While amortization and depreciation are often used interchangeably, technically this is an incorrect practice because amortization refers to intangible assets and depreciation refers to tangible assets.

Amortization can be calculated easily using most modern financial calculators, spreadsheet software packages such as Microsoft Excel, or amortization charts and tables.


Investment dictionary. . 2012.

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  • Amortization — or amortisation is the process of decreasing, or accounting for, an amount over a period of time. The word comes from Middle English amortisen to kill, alienate in mortmain, from Anglo French amorteser , alteration of amortir , from Vulgar Latin… …   Wikipedia

  • amortization — I noun clearance, defrayal, defrayment, disbursement, discharge, extinction of a debt, extinguishment of claim, liquidation of a debt, payment, remittance, satisfaction associated concepts: amortization contract, amortization of a mortgage,… …   Law dictionary

  • Amortization — A*mor ti*za tion, n. [LL. amortisatio, admortizatio. See {Amortize}, and cf. {Admortization}.] 1. (Law) The act or right of alienating lands to a corporation, which was considered formerly as transferring them to dead hands, or in mortmain. [1913 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • amortization — (n.) 1670s, in reference to lands given to religious orders, from M.L. amortizationem (nom. amortizatio), noun of action from pp. stem of amortizare (see AMORTIZE (Cf. amortize)). Of debts, from 1824 …   Etymology dictionary

  • amortization — [ə môr′tiz məntam΄ər ti zā′shən, ə môr΄təzā′shən] n. 1. an amortizing or being amortized 2. money put aside for amortizing a debt, etc.: also amortizement [ə môr′tiz mənt] …   English World dictionary

  • amortization — (1) The process of making regular, periodic decreases in the book or carrying value of an asset. For example, when a bond is purchased at a price above 100, the difference between the purchase price and the par value, the premium, is amortized.… …   Financial and business terms

  • amortization — A cost *allocation method used to record the reduction in value of an asset over time. The classic case of amortization is the matching of the cost of an item of *property, plant, and equipment to its *useful life. Assets generally lose value as… …   Auditor's dictionary

  • amortization — / amortazeyshsn/ In accounting, the allocation (and charge to expense) of the cost or other basis of an intangible asset over its estimated useful life. Intangible assets which have an indefinite life (e.g., goodwill) are not amortizable.… …   Black's law dictionary

  • amortization — / amortazeyshsn/ In accounting, the allocation (and charge to expense) of the cost or other basis of an intangible asset over its estimated useful life. Intangible assets which have an indefinite life (e.g., goodwill) are not amortizable.… …   Black's law dictionary

  • amortization — /am euhr teuh zay sheuhn, euh mawr /, n. 1. an act or instance of amortizing a debt or other obligation. 2. the sums devoted to this purpose. Also, amortizement. [1665 75; < ML a(d)mortization (s. of admortizatio). See AMORTIZE, ATION] * * * In… …   Universalium

  • Amortization — The repayment of a loan by installments. The New York Times Financial Glossary * * * amortization a‧mor‧ti‧za‧tion [əˌmɔːtaɪˈzeɪʆn ǁ ˌæmərtə ] also amortisation noun 1. [countable, uncountable] ACCOUNTING …   Financial and business terms